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Author: EU Law Analysis Blog

Daddy’s gonna pay for your crashed car? The ECJ clarifies the vertical direct effect of Directives

Albert Sánchez Graells, Reader in Economic Law, University of Bristol* One of the great complications of EU law is that EU Directives – unlike Regulations – do not have ‘direct effect’ horizontally, meaning that a private party cannot rely on them as such against another private party. However, there are other means of enforcing Directives, and in any event they do apply vertically, ie an individual can invoke a Directive against the State. This distinction between vertical and horizontal direct effect means that it is necessary to define exactly what is the ‘State’ for this purpose, given that there...

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UK/EU Security Cooperation After Brexit: the UK Government’s Future Partnership Papers

Professor Steve Peers The Prime Minister’s big speech in Florence has received the most attention in recent weeks, but it’s also worth looking at the UK government’s recent papers on its planned EU/UK close partnership after Brexit.  I’ll look here at the papers on two aspects of security – external security (foreign policy and defence) on the one hand, and internal security (police and criminal law cooperation) on the other. Both of them are impacted in the short term by the Florence speech, since the Prime Minister called for the current UK/EU security arrangements to apply for a period...

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Bridge over troubled legal water? Legal issues of the Brexit transition period

Professor Steve Peers* Compared to famous Florentines, Theresa May’s recent speechon the UK’s Brexit plans inevitably owed more to Machiavelli than Leonardo da Vinci. Nevertheless, it gave a rough indication of the basic legal architecture that the UK government would like to govern its relationship with the EU for a transition period after Brexit Day. I have previously summarised and commented upon the main points of the Florence speech, but there is more to say on this legal framework – and also on the rules which would apply to EU27 citizens in the UK during the transition period. Legal...

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A Renaissance of the Brexit talks? Theresa May’s Florence speech

Professor Steve Peers* Today’s speechby Prime Minister Theresa May was widely understood to be an attempt to unblock the talks on the Brexit process, which have clearly become stalled, in particular over financial issues. Will her speech accomplish that aim? Or will its implicit attempt to reassure Leave voters in the UK, especially in the cabinet and the press, mean that it fails to unblock talks? And what does it tell us about the future of UK/EU relations? The key feature of the talks is that they are sequenced. In an initial phase of talks, the main issues are:...

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