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Author: EP think tank

In-Depth Analysis – Implementation of Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure – State-of-Play (September 2016) – 14-09-2016

This note prepared by the Economic Governance Support Unit presents the Member States’ situation with respect to the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure (MIP) taking into account recent assessments and decisions by the European Commission, as well as documents published by other relevant European institutions. This document is regularly updated. A separate EGOV note describes the MIP procedure. Source : © European Union, 2016 –...

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At a Glance – EU environmental policies [What Think Tanks are Thinking] – 20-09-2016

Environmental protection is a comprehensive and well-established policy in the European Union. The environmental standards set by the Union are among the strictest in the world and the development of a sustainable economy is treated as a priority. Despite efforts to water down standards or renationalise policy, EU legislation has established more than 130 environmental targets and objectives to be met between 2010 and 2050. The EU is the world leader in efforts to reduce carbon dioxide emissions responsible for climate change. This note offers links to commentaries, studies and reports on the topic from major international think tanks...

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Briefing – How the EU budget is spent: Cohesion Fund – 14-09-2016

The Cohesion Fund is one of the European Structural and Investment Funds. Created in 1993, it supports large-scale investments in environmental sustainability, including through an increase in renewable energy use and energy efficiency, and in transport infrastructure, especially the trans-European transport networks. The Cohesion Fund is addressed exclusively to Member States with per capita gross national income of less than 90% of the EU average and have put in place a programme leading to the achievement of economic convergence. The Cohesion Fund’s fourth edition is currently being implemented in 15 EU Member States: Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,...

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Study – The Gender Pension Gap: Differences between Mothers and Women without Children – 15-07-2016

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. Demographic trends and the financial and economic crisis have obliged European countries to accelerate the revision of their pension systems with the aim of ensuring their sustainability. However, serious question on the effects these reforms on pension adequacy have been raised. This report summarises recent changes in pension reforms and their effects on gender pension gaps, with a focus on women with children. The assessment of recent pension reforms in a gender perspective shows that changes...

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At a Glance – Boosting the competitiveness of SMEs through the Structural and Investment Funds – 06-09-2016

SMEs play an important role in the EU economy as they account for 99% of all businesses and provide about two thirds of employment. In the 2014-2020 period, funding from the European Structural and Investment Funds focuses on 11 thematic objectives, with one of them dedicated to strengthening the competitiveness of SMEs. Source : © European Union, 2016 –...

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Briefing – European Pillar of Social Rights for a more social Europe – 06-09-2016

The European Pillar of Social Rights is the European Commission’s latest major initiative in the field of employment and social affairs. It is intended to serve the further ‘socialisation’ of the Economic and Monetary Union by strengthening its employment and social aspects, as stated in the Five Presidents’ Report on ‘Completing Europe’s Economic and Monetary Union’ from June 2015. In March 2016, the Commission published a preliminary outline of the Pillar, which is now undergoing broad consultation. In its final form, the Pillar could help not only the euro-area countries but also the other EU Member States achieve upward...

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Briefing – Regulating electronic communications: A level playing field for telecoms and OTTs? – 31-08-2016

Telecommunications markets in the EU are changing rapidly in the face of growing demand for broadband access and the increasing importance of internet and mobile applications in modern life. Telecommunications network operators are facing challenges, including decreasing revenues and greater competition from companies that provide services that run ‘over the top’ of the internet and that compete directly or indirectly with their service offerings. Network operators argue that less stringent regulations imposed on these ‘over the top’ (OTT) players create difficulties in competing with these new services. Ensuring fair competition is particularly important as telecommunications companies must invest in...

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