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Author: EP think tank

Briefing – Outlook for the European Council meeting on 22-23 June 2017 and the European Council (Article 50) meeting on 22 June 2017 – 20-06-2017

At their meeting on 22-23 June 2017, EU leaders will focus on internal security, including, most probably, the fight against terrorism, as well as external security, when they will assess progress made in European defence cooperation. They will also review progress on deepening and modernising the Single Market, and endorse the country-specific recommendations under the European Semester process. In addition, migration, external relations and the Paris Agreement on climate change are to be discussed. Although not on the draft agenda, EU leaders will probably address current issues related to trade. Finally, EU-27 leaders will meet in a separate formal...

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At a Glance – De jure versus de facto labour rights in China – 20-06-2017

For China, striking the right balance between using its abundant, cheap workforce as a competitive advantage and protecting labour rights has been a major challenge. Although China has developed a considerable body of law governing labour relations, there is still a huge gap between the labour rights on the statute books and those enjoyed by workers in practice. Over-riding economic interests to attract foreign investors and to boost economic growth have seriously undermined effective labour rights enforcement. China’s vanishing demographic dividend may require a new balance. Source : © European Union, 2017 –...

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At a Glance – Mapping the ‘Future of the EU’ debate – 20-06-2017

Although calls for reform of the EU have increased in recent years, in particular as a consequence of the various challenges the EU has faced, the UK’s vote in June 2016 on its EU membership has accelerated this process. In this context, the main EU institutions have all contributed to the debate, while individual Member States or groups of Member States have also brought forward initiatives. The main positions are outlined in this ‘at a glance’ note. Source : © European Union, 2017 –...

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At a Glance – Low-cost air carriers and tourism – 20-06-2017

The liberalisation of air transport, which resulted in the creation of new routes and new business models for airlines, in particular the development of low-cost carriers, has led to lower fares and wider access to air transport. In many countries, air transport is a catalyst for tourism development. As low-cost carriers in the EU have experienced substantial growth, serving mostly short-haul destinations, they are increasingly looking into investing into the long-haul market for their future development. Source : © European Union, 2017 –...

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At a Glance – World Refugee Day: Focus on migrant children – 19-06-2017

In December 2000, in a resolution to mark the 50th anniversary of the 1951 Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, the UN General Assembly designated 20 June as World Refugee Day. UN estimates place the global number of forcibly displaced persons at 65.3 million. Nearly 21.3 million of these persons are refugees, over half of them under the age of 18. Source : © European Union, 2017 –...

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Briefing – Protection from dumped and subsidised imports – 19-06-2017

On 9 November 2016, the European Commission published a proposal for targeted changes to the EU anti-dumping and anti-subsidy regulations. The proposal is a response to the expiry of parts of China’s WTO accession protocol in December 2016 and to unfair trade practices from third countries. At the core of the amendments of the anti-dumping regulation is the use for WTO members of prices derived from constructed values in situations where there are ‘substantial market distortions’ in the country of export under investigation. This approach would replace the ‘analogue country methodology’ which is currently applied to non-market economies (NMEs)...

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Briefing – Precautionary recapitalisations under the Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive: conditionality and case practice – 16-06-2017

This briefing focusses on the possibility provided by the Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive (BRRD) to recapitalize a bank outside resolution. It explains the legal framework, in particular the conditionality attached to such precautionary recapitalisations, and reviews the few cases where the use of this instrument was discussed. Source : © European Union, 2017 –...

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Briefing – The EU and China [What Think Tanks are thinking] – 16-06-2017

The European Union and China made limited progress towards improving bilateral ties at their summit in early June, and they remain at odds over a number of controversial trade issues. However, analysts say the EU and China look poised to strengthen cooperation on fighting climate change, especially after the new US President, Donald Trump, withdrew from the Paris deal on cutting greenhouse gas emissions. China is also eager to push ahead with its Belt and Road Initiative – a strategic plan to boost transport, trade, connectivity and cooperation between China and Europe. This note offers links to recent commentaries,...

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