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Author: EP think tank

EU Fact Sheets – Equality between men and women – 01-10-2017

Equality between women and men is one of the objectives of the European Union. Over time, legislation, case-law and changes to the Treaties have helped shore up this principle and its implementation in the EU. The European Parliament has always been a fervent defender of the principle of equality between men and women. Source : © European Union, 2017 –...

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EU Fact Sheets – Free movement of goods – 01-11-2017

The free movement of goods, the first of the four fundamental freedoms of the internal market, is secured through the elimination of customs duties and quantitative restrictions, and the prohibition of measures having an equivalent effect. The principles of mutual recognition, elimination of physical and technical barriers, and promotion of standardisation were added in order to continue the completion of the internal market. The adoption of the New Legislative Framework (NLF) in 2008 significantly strengthened product marketing rules, the free movement of goods, the EU’s market surveillance system and the CE mark. The mutual recognition principle was also consolidated, and...

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Briefing – Understanding the rationale for compiling ‘tax haven’ lists – 08-12-2017

With taxation constantly in the headlines as one tax leak follows another, the question of which tax jurisdictions are regularly associated with the schemes revealed has gained in importance. Broadly speaking, tax havens provide taxpayers, both legal and natural persons, with opportunities for tax avoidance, while their secrecy and opacity also serves to hide the origin of the proceeds of illegal and criminal activities. One may ask why establishing a list of tax havens is useful. Drawing up such a list started with the actions to stop harmful tax practices arising from the discrepancy between the global reach of...

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Briefing – Proportionality test for new national regulations for professions – 08-12-2017

In the EU, professions are regulated at Member State level. Qualification requirements can differ widely between Member States, due to their respective historical development and experience. This can lead to a lack of clarity on the criteria used, and result in fragmentation of the single market. The proposed directive on a proportionality test before adoption of new regulation of professions, tabled by the European Commission on 10 January 2017, seeks to improve transparency as to how certain professions are regulated in the Member States. The legislative proposal intends to harmonise the way in which proportionality tests are carried out,...

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Briefing – Combating fraud and counterfeiting of non-cash means of payment – 08-12-2017

The IA presents the problem of non-cash payment fraud in a coherent and clear manner. The link between the problem (sub-) drivers, specific and general objectives of the proposal is rather straightforward. The objectives could be more specific and time-bound, however, to bring them in line with the SMART criteria. The IA sets out the content of all options in a clear manner. However, the quality of data, analysis and stakeholder consultation leaves an overall poor impression, partly because the combined IA and evaluation study, which is the external expertise informing the assessment, is not available online and therefore...

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At a Glance – Aviation emissions – Towards a global approach – 05-12-2017

Carbon emissions from aviation have grown rapidly, and are expected to keep growing. Since 2012, the EU emissions trading system (ETS) applies to flights to and from airports in the European Economic Area (EEA). Meanwhile, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has been developing a global market-based measure (GMBM) to offset post-2020 emissions growth in international aviation. In view of these international efforts, the EU exempted flights to and from airports outside the EEA from ETS obligations until 2016. The European Commission has proposed a regulation to prolong the exemption and prepare for the implementation of the GMBM. Parliament...

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At a Glance – Implementation of the Social Pillar – 05-12-2017

The European Pillar of Social Rights (‘Social Pillar’) was proclaimed and signed jointly by the Commission, Council and European Parliament, on 17 November 2017 at the Gothenburg Social Summit. The main challenge remains bringing this reference framework to all citizens across the EU. Due to limited EU competence in the social field, implementation is for the Member States, in cooperation with social partners. Parliament has repeatedly promoted the importance of focusing on three elements in the implementation process: a life-cycle approach, governance and funding. The December plenary is due to hear statements from the Commission and Council, prior to...

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