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Author: EP think tank

Briefing – Economic effects of reform in professional services – 15-09-2017

This briefing is based on: World Bank Regular Economic Report; van der Marel, E., J. Kren and M. Iootty (2016) “Services in the European Union: What Kinds of Regulatory Policies Enhance Productivity?”, World Bank Policy Research Paper Series, No. 7919: http://bit.ly/2dtb45p; van der Marel, E. (2017) “Reforming Services: What Policies Warrant Attention?”, ECIPE Five Freedoms Policy Brief, No. 1/2017: http://bit.ly/2uhzI3W. It was prepared by Policy Department A for the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee. Source : © European Union, 2017 –...

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In-Depth Analysis – EU framework programmes for research and innovation: Evolution and key data from FP1 to Horizon 2020 in view of FP9 – 20-09-2017

The framework programme for research was originally set up in the 1980s to streamline the adoption of Community research programmes. With the subsequent iterations of the process and Treaty modifications, the framework programme became a financial and strategic tool to support and implement EU research and innovation policies. As the scope of the framework programme widened and with the multiplication of the type of instruments used to implement it, the framework programme progressively supported all activities of the innovation process, research being just one of them. As the discussions on the structure and content of FP9 are expected to...

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At a Glance – South Korea: Economic indicators and trade with EU – 18-09-2017

South Korea is one of the top countries in terms of doing business and holds a good score within the Human Development Index. Meanwhile its economy has slowed in recent years and female labour market participation remains lower than most OECD countries, with little progress. Trade with the EU has benefitted from 2011 bilateral Free Trade Agreement, namely making a boost in EU’s exports to South Korea. Source : © European Union, 2017 –...

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Briefing – The State of the Union [What Think Tanks are thinking] – 15-09-2017

Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission, laid out his vision of the European Union in his annual State of the Union address to the European Parliament in Strasbourg on 13 September 2017. He noted that the overall outlook has changed for the better over the past year, notably thanks to an accelerating economic recovery. ‘The wind is back in the European sails,’ he declared. Much interest focussed on Juncker’s advocacy of various eurozone and EU institutional reforms. He proposed the designation of a eurozone finance minister, who would preside over the Eurogroup, as well as being a member...

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At a Glance – Brexit negotiations – Progress to date – 15-09-2017

Since their official launch in June 2017, three rounds of negotiations on the United Kingdom’s (UK) withdrawal from the European Union (EU) have been held. So far, the EU and UK have discussed the priority issues of citizens’ rights, the financial settlement and the Irish border, but disagreements and ambiguities persist. After the third round, ‘no decisive progress’ was reached, according to Michel Barnier, the EU chief negotiator, which is likely to impede any advance to the second phase of talks in October, on transitional arrangements and the future EU-UK partnership, including trade relations. Source : © European Union,...

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Study – Research for CULT Committee – European Solidarity Corps and volunteering – 15-09-2017

This study provides an assessment of the legislative proposal for the establishment of the European Solidarity Corps. It focuses on the added value of the ESC; challenges linking EU programmes; and the complementarity to paid employment. It concludes that in principle the initiative is welcome; however, many issues in the proposal (and supporting documentation) are not sufficiently made clear. The most important concerns are: 1) level of engagement of stakeholders in the ESC framework; 2) feasibility to achieve 100,000 solidarity activities; 3) assuring participation of disadvantaged groups; 4) disparities between volunteers in different programmes; 5) the status of the...

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Briefing – Youth Employment Initiative – 14-09-2017

The Youth Employment Initiative (YEI) is the main EU funding programme of the Youth Guarantee (YG) political commitment. It was established to support young people not in education, employment or training (NEETs) in regions with a youth unemployment rate above 25 %. The YEI has been in place for three years and both the initial results and the initial evaluations are positive. Source : © European Union, 2017 –...

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Briefing – Safeguarding competition in air transport – 14-09-2017

The issue of fair competition between EU and third country airlines and the importance of guaranteeing a level playing field has been recognised for some years by the various EU institutions as key for the future of European aviation. The 2015 Commission communication on the aviation strategy underlined the importance and legitimacy of EU action to deal with possible unfair commercial practices in international aviation, and announced the revision of existing rules in this field. On 8 June 2017, the Commission adopted a legislative proposal for a regulation on safeguarding competition in air transport, repealing Regulation 868/2004 as part...

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